##

This Is Why Time Has To Be A Dimension

“But even two different objects with the same exact three-dimensional spatial coordinates might not overlap. The reason is easy to understand if you start thinking about the chair you’re sitting in right now. It can definitely have its location accurately described by those three spatial coordinates familiar to us: x, y, and z. This chair, however, is occupied by you right now, at this exact moment in time, as opposed to yesterday, an hour ago, next week, or ten years from now.

In order to completely describe an event in spacetime, you need to know more than just where it occurs, but also when it occurs. In addition to x, y, and z, you also need a time coordinate: t. Although this might seem obvious, it didn’t play a large role in physics until the development of Einstein’s relativity, when physicists started thinking about the issue of simultaneity.”

When you describe where you are in the Universe, you typically think of the coordinates you’d need to give to describe your location. This includes an x, y, and z-direction: the three spatial coordinates corresponding to where we live in our three spatial dimensions. But this doesn’t fully tell you everything you’d need to know, because your location is defined not only by your spatial location but when you’re located there: you need a time coordinate, too. If we take a deep look into the relationship between space and time, first put forth by Einstein over a century ago, we’d find that it isn’t even enough to put in an additional coordinate. Time is more than a separate value; it’s every bit as much a dimension as any of the three spatial dimensions.

If you’ve ever wondered why we say that time is the fourth dimension, come read this. It couldn’t be any other way.